The following is a list of useful resources divided into the following categories:

ADHD definition, diagnosis and debate

Barkley, R. (1990). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.

Barkley, R. (1997). ADHD and the nature of self-control. New Jersey: Guilford.

Blew, H. & Kenny, G. (2006). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The current debate and neglected dimensions. Journal of Child Healthcare, 10(3): 251–263.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Report. (2002). Attention deficit disorder and learning disability: United States, 1997–98. Vital and health statistics, Series 10, No. 206,

Conrad, P. (1975). The discovery of hyperkinesis: Notes on the medicalization of deviant behavior. Social Problems, 23: 12–21.

Conrad, P. (1976). Identifying hyperactive children: The medicalization of deviant behaviour. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Cooper, P. (2001). Understanding AD/HD: A brief critical review of the literature. Children and Society, 15, 387–395.

Elliott, C. (1993). The tyranny of happiness: ethics and cosmetic psychopharmacology. In E. Parens, E. (Ed.). (1998). Enhancing human traits: ethical and social implications. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Foy, J., & Earls, M. (2005). A process for developing community consensus regarding the diagnosis and management of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Pediatrics, 115: 97–104.

Fuemmeler, B. F., Østbye, T., Yang, C., McClernon, F. J., & Kollins, S. H. (2010). Association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and obesity and hypertension in early adulthood: a population-based study. International Journal of Obesity, doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.214. 26 Oct.

Molina B., Hinshaw S., Swanson J., Arnold, L., Vitiello ,B., Jensen, P., Epstein, J., Hoza, B., Hechtman, L., Abikoff, H., Elliott, G., Greenhill, L., Newcorn, J., Wells, K., Wigal, T., Severe, J., Gibbons, R., Hur, K., Houck, P., & the MTA Cooperative Group. (2009). The MTA at 8 years: prospective follow-up of children treated for combined type ADHD in a multisite study. Journal of the American Academy of child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 484-500.

MTA Cooperative Group. (2004). National Institute of Mental Health Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD Follow-up: 24-Month Outcomes of Treatment Strategies for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Pediatrics, 113(4), 754-761.

Olfson, M., Gameroff, M., Marcus, S., & Jensen, P.S. (2003). National trends in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(6): 1071–1077.

Polanczyk, G., de Lima, M. S., Horta, B. L., Biederman, J., & Rohde, L. A. (2007). The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: a systematic review and metaregression analysis. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 942-948.

Rowland, A., Lesesne, C., & Abramowitz, A. (2002). The epidemiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A public health view. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 8: 162–170.

Shrag, P., & Divoky, D. (1975). The myth of the hyperactive child. New York: Pantheon. Sonuga-Barke, E. J. (2005). Causal models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: from common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1231e1238.

Vasconcelos MM, Werner J Jr, & Malheiros AF. (2009). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence in an inner city elementary school. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 61:67–73.

Stimulant medication

Angold, A., Erkanli, A., Egger, H., & Costello, J. (2000). Stimulant treatment for children: A community perspective. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(8): 975–984.

Barkley, R. A. (1988). The effects of methylphenidate on the interactions of preschool ADHD children with their mothers. Journal of the American Academy of child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27(3), 336–341.

Barkley, R. A. (1997). ADHD and the nature of self-control. New York: Guilford Publications.

Bauermeister, J., Canino, G., Bravo, M., Ramirez, R., Jensen, P.S., Chavez, L. (2003). Stimulant and psychosocial treatment of ADHD in Latino/Hispanic children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(7): 851–855.

Bell Barnett, K. (2012). Dosed: The Medication Generation Grows Up. Boston: Beacon Press.

Bradley, C. (1937). The behavior of children receiving Benzedrine. American Journal of Psychiatry, 94: 577–581.

Breggin, P. (1998). Talking back to Ritalin. Maine: Common Courage Press.

DeGrandpre, R. (1999). Ritalin nation. New York: Norton

Diller, L. (1998). Running on Ritalin. New York: Bantam Books.

Elliott C. (2003). Better than well: American medicine meets the American dream. New York: Norton.

Healy, D. (2002). The creation of psychopharmacology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

International Narcotics Control Board, (2011). Report 2011: Psychotropic substances statistics for 2010., Part 2: Comments on the reported statistics on psychotropic substances. New York: United Nations,

Scheffler, R. M., Hinshaw, S. P., Modrek, S., & Levine, P. (2007). The global market for ADHD medications. Health Affairs, 26, 450-457.

United Nations International Narcotics Control Board (UNINCB). (1999). Report of the United Nations International Narcotics Board. Comments on Reported Statistics. New York: United Nations.

United Nations International Narcotics Control Board (UNINCB). (2005). Report 2004 Psychotropic substances. New York: United Nations.

United Nations International Narcotics Board (UNINCB). (2006). Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2005. New York: United Nations.

Zito, J.M., Safer, D.J., Lolkje, T.W., Janhsen, K., Fegert, J.M., Gardner, J.F., Glaeske, G., & Valluri, S.C. (2008). A three-country comparison of psychotropic medication prevalence in youth. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2: 26. Published Online First: 25 September 2008. doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-2-26

Critique of ADHD and stimulant drugs

Are ADHD Medications Overprescribed? (2012, 14 September). The Wall Street Journal,

Breggin, P. (1998a). Brain disabling treatments in psychiatry. New York: Springer.

Horwitz, A. (2002). Creating mental illness. University of Chicago Press.

Hruska, B. (2012, 18 August). Raising the Ritalin Generation. The New York Times Sunday Review: Opinion,

Kureishi H. (2012, 18 Feb). The art of distraction. The New York Times.

Timimi, S. (2002). Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood. Hove: Brunner-Routledge.

Timimi, S. (2009). The commercialization of children’s mental health in the era of globalization. International Journal of Mental Health, 38(3), 5-27.

Warner, J. (2010). We've Got Issues: Children and Parents in the Age of Medication. New York: Riverhead.

Disease-mongering in the pharmaceutical industry

Angell, M. (2004). The truth about the drug companies: How they deceive us and what to do about it. New York: Random House.

Carlat, D. (2010). Unhinged: The trouble with psychiatry—A doctor’s revelations about a profession in crisis. New York: Free Press.

Kirsch, I. (2010). The Emperor’s new drugs: Exploding the antidepressant myth. New York: Basic Books.

Marcia’s Angell (2004, 15 July). The truth about the drug companies. The New York Review of Books.

Moynihan, R., Heath, I. & Henry, D. Selling sickness: the pharmaceutical industry and disease mongering. British Medical Journal, 324(7342): 886–891.

Whitaker, R. (2010). Anatomy of an epidemic: Magic bullets, psychiatric drugs, and the astonishing rise of mental illness in America. New York: Broadway Paperbacks.

Alternative therapy

Science Media Centre. (2012, 11 June). Press release: Expert reaction to study of mindfulness meditation and white matter structure in the brain,

Wells, N. M., and Evans, G.W. (2003). Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress among Rural Children. Environment and Behavior 35; 311 – 330. Sage,

Zylowska, L., Ackerman, D.L., May, M.H., Futrell, J.L., Horton, N.L., Hale, T.S., Pataki, C. & Smalley, S.L. (2007). Mindfulness meditation training in adults and adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11: 737-746, first published on November 19, 2007 as doi: 10.1177/1087054707308502.


Henderson C, Thornicroft G. (2009). Stigma and discrimination in mental illness: Time to Change. Lancet, 373:1928-1930.

Thornicroft G. (2006). Actions speak louder: tackling discrimination against people with mental illness. Mental Health Foundation, London.

Thornicroft, G., Rose, D., Kassam, A., & Sartorius, N. (2007). Stigma: ignorance, prejudice or discrimination? The British Journal of Psychiatry, 190: 192-193.

Thornicroft, G., Brohan, E., Kassam, A. & Lewis-Holmes, E. (2008). Reducing stigma and discrimination: Candidate interventions. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 2:3 doi:10.1186/1752-4458-2-3.

Tighe, J., Thornicroft, G. (2011). Stigma and mental health. BBC Health website,

‘Time to change: Let’s end mental health discrimination’ campaign website:

Mental Health Care: Discrimination and stigma website page:

Sociology (including deviance)

Aldridge, S. (2003). The facts about social mobility: a survey of recent evidence on social mobility and its causes. New Economy, 10(4), 189-193.

Butler, J. (2005). Giving an account of oneself. New York: Fordham UP

Conrad P. (1992). Medicalization and social control. Annual Rev Sociology 1992;18:209–32.

Conrad P. (2007). The medicalization of society. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Conrad, P., & Schneider, J. (1980/1992). Deviance and medicalization. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Foucault, M. (1975). Discipline and punish. New York: Vintage Press. Goffman, E. (1961). Asylums. London: Penguin.

Hacking, I. (1999). The social construction of what? Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Hallowell, E., & Ratey, J. (1994). Driven to distraction. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Hart, N., Riley, K., & Grand, N. (2006). Masculinity and the Pharmacology of Modernization: The Case of ADHD. In D. Rosenfeld & C. Faircloth (Eds), Medicalized Masculinities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Horwitz, A. (2002). Creating mental illness. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Kirk, S., & Kutchins, K. (2003). Making us crazy. New York: Free Press.

Klasen, H. (2000). A name, what’s in a name? The medicalization of hyperactivity, re-visited. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 7(6): 334–344.

Miller, J. B. (1991). The construction of anger in women and men. In J. Jordan, et al. (Ed.), Women’s growth in connection: Writings from the stone center (pp. 181–196). New York: Guilford Press.

Morris, M., & Rutt, S. (2005). Evaluation of Aimhigher:Excellence challenge. Aspirations to higher education: One year on. UK Department for Education and Skills. Research Report 651.

Nakano-Glenn, E. (1994). Social constructions of mothering: A thematic overview. In E. Nakano-Glenn, G. Chang, & L. R. Forcey (Eds.), Mothering: ideology, experience & agency (pp. 1–29). New York: Routledge.

Nunn, A., Johnson, S., Monro, S., Bickerstaffe, T., & Kelsey, S. (2007). Factors influencing social mobility. Technical Report.

Rose, N. (2007). The politics of life itself: Biomedicine, power and subjectivity in the twenty-first century. New Jersey: Princeton UP.

Scheff, T. J. (1974). The labelling theory of mental illness. American Sociological Review, 39(3), 444-452.

Sutton, L., Smith, N., Deardon, C., & Middleton, S. (2007). A child’s-eye view of social difference. York, UK: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Parenting (including mothers and families)

Ellison, K. (2010). Buzz: A year of paying attention. New York: Hyperion.

Anastopoulous, A., Guevremont, D., Shelton, T., & DuPaul, G. (1992). Parenting stress among families of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20(5), 503–520.

Brown, R., & Pancini, J. (1989). Perceived family functioning, marital status, and depression in parents of boys with attention deficit disorder. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 22(9), 581–587.

Charles, N., Davies, C. A., & Harris, C. (2008). Families in transition: Social change, family formation and kin relationship. Bristol, UK: Polity Press.

Chase, S., & Rogers, M. (Eds.) (2001). Mothers and children: feminist analyses & personal narratives. Rutgers, NJ: Rutgers UP.

DiQuinzio, P. (1999). The impossibility of motherhood. New York: Routledge.

Ehrenreich, B., & English, D. (1978). For her own good. New York: Anchor.

Fromm-Reichmann, F. (1948). Notes on the development of the treatment of schizophrenics by psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Psychiatry, 11: 263–273.

Herman, E. (1995). Nervous in the service. In The romance of American Psychology. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Hrdy, S. (1999). Mother nature: A history of mothers, infants and natural selection. New York: Pantheon.

Ladd-Taylor, M., & Umansky, L. (Eds.), (1998). Bad mothers: The politics of blame in 20th century America. New York: NYU Press.

O’Reilly, A. (Ed.), (2001). Mothers and sons: Feminism, masculinity and the struggle to raise our sons. New York: Routledge.

Quinn, N. (1992). The motivational force of self-understanding: Evidence from wives’ inner conflicts. In R. D’Andrade, & C. Strauss (Eds.), Human motives and cultural models (pp. 90–126). Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP.

Rich, A. (1976). Of woman born: Motherhood as experience and institution. New York: Norton.

Strecker, E. (1946). Their mothers’ sons. New York: Lippincott.

Tallmadge, J., & Barkley, R. (1983). The interactions of hyperactive and normal boys with their fathers and mothers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11: 565–580.

Childhood, Gender and Education

Bradley, C. (1936). Children’s hospital for neurologic and behavior disorders. Journal of the American Medical Association, 107: 650–653.

Cawson, P., Wattam, C., Brooker, S., & Kelly, G. (2000). Child maltreatment in the United Kingdom: A study of the prevalence of abuse and neglect. UK: NSPCC.

Clark, C. D. (1998). Childhood imagination in the face of chronic illness. In J. De Rivera, & T. Sarbin (Eds.), Believed in imaginings (pp. 87–100). Washington, DC: APA.

Cohen, S. (1989). Every school a clinic: A historical perspective on modern American education. In S. Cohen & L. Solomon (Eds), From the campus: Perspectives on the school reform movement. New York: Praeger.

Cooper, P. (2002). Response from Paul Cooper. Children and Society, 16: 368–71.

Epstein, D., Elwood, J., Hey, V. & Maw, J. (Eds). (1998). Failing boys? Issues in gender and achievement. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

Gardner, H. (1983; 2011). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. 3rd Edition. New York: Basic Books.

Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple intelligences: the theory in practice. New York: Basic Books.

Garner, A., Shonkoff, J.P., Siegel, B.S., Dobbins, M.I., Earls, M.F., Garner, A.S., McGuinn, L., Pascoe, J. & Wood, D. (2011). Early childhood adversity, toxic stress and the role of the pediatrician: translating developmental science into lifelong health. Pediatrics, 129. Published on-line December 26, 2011. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-2662

Graham, L. (2008). From ABCs to ADHD: the role of schooling in the construction of behaviour disorder and production of disorderly objects. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 12(1), 7-33.

Kindlon, D., & Thompson, M. (1999). Raising cain: Protecting the emotional lives of boys. New York: Ballantine Books.

Layard, R., & Dunn, J. (2009). A good childhood: Searching for values in a competitive age. London: Penguin.

Maccoby, E. (1998). The Two Sexes: Growing Up Apart, Coming Together. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Oliver, C., & Candappa, M. (2003). Tackling bullying: Listening to the views of young people. UK Department for Education and Skills.

Pollack, W. (1998). Real boys: Rescuing our sons from the myths of boyhood. New York: Random House.

Rapoport, J., Buchsbaum, M., Zahn, T.P., Weingartner, H., Ludlow, C., & Mikkelsen, E.J. (1978). Dextroamphetamine: Cognitive and behavioral effects in normal prepubertal boys. Science, 199(4328): 560–563.

Vasconcelos MM, Werner J Jr, & Malheiros AF. (2009). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence in an inner city elementary school. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 61:67–73.

Policy concerns

Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project. (2008). Final project report. London, UK: The Government Office for Science.

Lexmond, J., & Reeves, R. (2009). Building character. London: Demos.

Metzl, J. (2009). The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia became a Black Disease. Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press.

Nelson, A. (2011). Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight against Medical Discrimination. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press.

Qualitative health methodology

Bradley, E. H., Curry, L. A., & Devers, K. J. (2007). Qualitative data analysis for health services research: developing taxonomy, themes, and theory. Health Research and Educational Trust. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00684.x.

Glaser, B. (1978). Theoretical sensitivity: Advances in the methodology of grounded theory. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Haimes, E. (2002). What can the social sciences contribute to the study of ethics?: theoretical, empirical and substantive considerations. Bioethics, 16(2), 89-113.

Hollingshead, A. B. (1957). Hollingshead two factor index of social position. 1991. In D. C. Miller (Ed.), Handbook of research design and social measurement (5th ed). (pp. 351e359). Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods (2nd ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Riessman, C. (1993). Narrative analysis. Qualitative research methods series 30. Newbury Park: CA: Sage Publications.

Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. (1990a). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. London; Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Bioethics literature

Bordo, S. (1998). Braveheart, babe, and the contemporary body. In E. Parens (Ed.), Enhancing human traits: Ethical and social implications (pp. 189–221). Washington, DC: Georgetown UP.

DeGrazia D. (2005). Human identity and bioethics. London: CUP.

Elliott, C. (1999). A philosophical disease. New York: Routledge.

Erler A. (2012). One man’s authenticity is another man’s betrayal: a reply to Levy. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 29:257–65.

Fukuyama, F. (2002). Our posthuman future. London: Picador.

Kramer P. (1993). Listening to Prozac. New York: Penguin Books.

Parens, E. (2005). Authenticity and ambivalence: Towards understanding the enhancement debate. Hastings Center Report 35:34–41.

President’s Council on Bioethics. (2003). Beyond Therapy: Biotechnology and the pursuit of happiness. Washington DC: Dana Press.

Walker, M. U. (2009). Introduction: Groningen Naturalism in bioethics. In H. Lindemann, M. Verkerk, & M. U. Walker (Eds.), Naturalized bioethics (pp. 1- 22). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.